When your kidneys cannot function properly, wastes and fluid accumulate in your body tissues leading to edema, high blood pressure and other health problems. In such a circumstance kidney dialysis is performed to filter the blood with the help of the dialysis machine. The diet of people who need dialysis should contain foods that do not increase the toxin load in the blood and reduces fluid buildup in the body tissues.
The Following Foods Are Best Suited For People On Dialysis:
Carbohydrates are the main fuel source of the body. People on dialysis usually need about 6 to 11 servings of carbohydrate daily. However, because of the high phosphorus content, whole grain products such as bran cereal, brown bread, whole wheat bread and brown rice are not recommended for people who need dialysis. For them refined carbohydrates such as white rice, white bread, pasta, popcorn or cold cereals are suitable sources of carbohydrates.
Good Quality Animal Protein
People on dialysis usually need 8 to 10 ounces of protein daily. Lean meat, poultry, egg white and fish are the best foods for meeting their protein requirement. Plant sources of protein such as beans, nuts and lentils, because of their high phosphorus and potassium content, are usually not recommended for people who need dialysis.
To prevent excess accumulation of potassium and phosphorus in the blood, people on dialysis should eat fruits that contain small amounts of these minerals in moderation. Apple is a safe fruit for people who need dialysis. It is an excellent source of fibers and antioxidants that help in improving the health of people with damaged kidneys.
People who need dialysis can eat half a cup of berries daily. All types of berries such as blueberries, strawberries, raspberries and cranberries are safe for their health. The antioxidant compounds found in berries protect people with chronic kidney diseases from oxidative stress.
Cruciferous vegetables such as cabbage, cauliflower and broccoli can be included in the diet of people who need dialysis. They contain small amounts of sodium, phosphorus and potassium. However, they provide phytochemicals that protect the body cells from harmful substances.
People suffering from chronic kidney disease who need dialysis can eat bell peppers of different colors. This low potassium and low phosphorus vegetable is a rich source vitamins A and C, folic acid and fiber. Bell peppers contain antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds that help in minimizing risks of various chronic diseases.